A personal selection of photographs with their stories.
011: Valkhof Castle ruin
The Waal River, branching from the Rhine River, flows along the city of Nijmegen. On one of the hills along the river, now close to the famous Waal Bridge, are the ruins of once a mighty castle: the Valkhof. It were the Romans who built a castellum about two thousand years ago. It was Charlemagne who had the Valkhof built on the hill, as an imperial palace. It was destroyed by the Vikings, and reconstructed by Emperor Frederic Barbarossa. It eventually was extended and strengthened. The French invaders attacked the castle in late 1700s, and the castle became greatly destroyed. Almost one century later, the remains were destroyed save two chapels. In 1800, a park was created on the grounds of the former castle. Nowadays, both the park and the ruins are considered as national monuments. There exist plans of reconstructing the castle; these plans generate significant public resistance.
© Adriano Antoine Robbesom 2010, 2017